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NDA (National Defence Academy)

NDA is a defence Academy of the Indian Armed Forces located at Khadakwasla, Pune, where the cadets of three services, the Army, the Navy, the Air Force are trained together to join any of the respective services. NDA is a national level exam conducted twice a year by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission). Approx. 450,000 applicants apply every year, out of which only 6,300 candidates are called for next round of interview. At final stage, only 70 candidates are accepted in Air Force, 42 in Navy and 208 candidates in Army.


  1. Candidates must be a citizen of India, a subject of Nepal, a subject of Bhutan or an Indian origin person migrated from Burma, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and East African Countries of Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaire, Malawi and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India
  2. A Tibetan refugee who came over to India with the intention of permanently settling in India before 1st January 1962
  3. Only male unmarried candidates can apply

Age Limit

Minimum age limit required is 16.5 years

Maximum age limit required is 19.5 years

Eligibility for Army Wing: For Army Wing, a candidate must have passed 10+2 or equivalent exam conducted by the State Education Board or a recognized university.

Eligibility for Air Force, Navy and Naval Academy: For Air Force and Naval of NDA and 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme, a candidate should have passed XII or equivalent exam with Physics and Mathematics as on of the subjects.


Candidates need to qualify NDA written examination in order to get to the next round i.e. the SSB interview. Qualifying all the rounds gets you into NDA


The SSB interview is conducted by Service Selection Board and consists of the two-stage selection process - stage I and stage II. Only those candidates who clear the stage I also called screening are permitted to appear for stage II.

The details are:

  1. Screening: Stage I comprise of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests such as Picture Perception * Description Test (PP&DT) and so on. The candidates are shortlisted basis on performance in OIR Test and PP&DT.
  2. Interview: Stage II comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the final day Conference. These tests continue for over 4 days. The details are available on the website joinindianarmy.nic.in. The personality of a candidate is assessed by three different investigators viz. The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist. There is no separate weightage for each test. The assessors allot marks basis considering the performance of the candidate holistically in all the tests. In addition, marks for Conference are also allotted on the basis of initial performance of the candidate in the first three techniques and decision of the Board. All these have equal weightage.

The various tests of IO, GTO, and Psychology are designed to bring out the presence of Officer Like Qualities and their susceptible trainability in a candidate. Accordingly, candidates are Recommended or Not Recommended at the SSB.

NDA 2019-20 Cut off

The expected cut off marks for NDA 2019-20 is given below:

Subjects Expected cut off
Written Exam Cut off 340-360
Final Cut off 710-740


NDA Paper 1 Syllabus
Algebra Differential Calculus
Matrices & Determinants Integral Calculus and Differential Equations
Trigonometry Vector Algebra
Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions Statistics & Probability
NDA Paper II Syllabus
Physical Properties and States of Matter Transference of Heat
Mass Sound Waves and its Properties
Weight Simple Musical Instruments
Volume Rectilinear Propagation of Light
Density and Specific Gravity Reflection & Refraction
Principle of Archimedes Spherical Mirrors and Lenses
Pressure Barometer Human Eye
Motion of Objects Natural and Artificial Magnets
Velocity & Acceleration Properties of a Magnet
Newton’s Laws of Motion Earth as a Magnet
Force & Momentum Static & Current Electricity
Parallelogram of Forces Conductors & Non-conductors
Stability & Equilibrium of bodies Ohm’s Law
Gravitation Simple Electrical Circuits
Elementary Ideas of Work Heating, Lighting, and Magnetic Effects of Current
Power & Energy Measurement of Electrical Power
Effects of Heat Primary & Secondary Cells
Measurement of Temperature & Heat Use of X-Rays
  General Principles in the working of the following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.
Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation & Reduction. Acids, bases, & salts. Carbon and different forms Physical & Chemical Changes
Fertilizers—Natural & Artificial Elements
Material used in the preparation of Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gunpowder substances Mixtures & Compounds
Elementary ideas about the Structure of Atom Symbols, Formula and Simple Chemical Equation
Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)
Valency Properties of Air & Water
General Science
Common Epidemics; their causes and prevention Difference between living and non-living
Food—A Source of Energy for Man Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms & Tissues
Constituents of food Growth and Reproduction in Plants & Animals
Balanced Diet Elementary knowledge of Human Body and important organs
The Solar System—Meteors & Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists


Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance A broad survey of Indian History emphasizing on Culture & Civilisation
Exploration & Discovery; War of American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution Freedom Movement in India
Impact of Science & Technology on Society Elementary study of Indian Constitution & Administration
Concept of one World Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India
United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism & Communism Panchayati Raj
Role of India in the present world Cooperatives and Community Development
A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture & Civilisation Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State


Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi
The Earth, its shape and size Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition
Latitudes & Longitudes Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones & Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation
Concept of time Types of Climate
International Date Line Major Natural regions of the World
Movements of Earth and their effects Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral & Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities
Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India
Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes Main items of Imports & Exports of India
Current Affairs
Knowledge of Important events happened in India in the recent years Prominent Personalities- Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports
Latest important World Events  


NDA is one of the most esteemed joint service academy of Indian Armed Forces. Thousands of aspiring students take up the exam every year with the hope of making it to the prestigious institutions. At BasicFirst, we offer earnest students the opportunity to interact and learn from the finest faculty. Our study program includes several methodologies for this. We offer Doubt Clearing sessions to ensure students have a strong foundation in the subject. To supplement this, we have online tests and practice workbooks to help train the students to crack the NDA entrance exam. To encourage one-on-one interaction, we also offer students the chance to consult and interact with our faculty over our Live Online, and Mentors programs.

Our programs are fine-tuned to help students crack NDA. With the help of our special NDA coaching program and a little hard work from your side, you can be sure of getting into the National Defence Academy to serve the nation.


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