Global Warming – Causes and Effects of Climate Change
Global warming causes the increase in the average air temperature near the surface of Earth causing climate change and other hazardous conditions. This climate imbalance in the world is seen because glaciers are melting, sea levels are rising, cloud forests are drying, and wildlife is struggling to keep pace. The average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate over the past 50 years and the trend is still accelerating.
Global warming effect has become a serious world issue; it occurs when carbon dioxide (CO2) and other air pollutants and greenhouse gases collect in the atmosphere and absorb sunlight and solar radiation making the planet hotter. These particles build up sufficiently high in concentrations, causing direct or indirect damage to humans, plants, animals, other life forms, ecosystems, structures, etc.
The primary cause of global warming is the human activity that has increased past century’s warming by releasing heat-trapping gases called greenhouse gases that are largely sourced through generating electricity. The level of greenhouse gases is higher than ever been experienced in the last 800,000 years.
The result of global warming is causing a set of changes to the Earth’s climate, or patterns varying from place to place. Global warming is affecting our planet’s weather and climate systems drastically, shifting wildlife populations and habitats, rising seas, and a range of other impacts. All these changes are emerging as humans continue to add heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
Global Warming Effects
The environmental and social changes caused due to global warming effect need to be stopped to make the earth a better place to live. If this trend continues, it will cause environmental, economic, and health consequences to a great extent. Some of the reasons for increased global warming are discussed here.
Natural changes that will cause more dramatic water shortages and increase the risk of wildfires in the American West are melting glaciers, early snow melt, and severe droughts.
Rise in the sea level due to thermal expansion caused by warming of the ocean will lead to coastal flooding on the Eastern Seaboard, majorly in Florida, and areas such as the Gulf of Mexico.
Forests, farms, and cities will face disruptive new bugs, heat waves, heavy rainstorms, and increased flooding. These factors will damage or destroy agriculture and fisheries.
Warming ocean waters have devastated many of the world’s habitats such as coral reefs and Alpine meadows leading many plant and animal species to extinction.
Dangerous weather events and climate change are increasing the amount of pollen and airborne allergen erupting many infectious diseases such as allergies, asthma, increase risks for acute respiratory infection and so on.
How to Stop or Prevent Global Warming?
There are many ways to protect our planet and prevent global warming effect from becoming worse. Many nations have already put laws into place to fight extreme climate change. Here are several things you can do every day to reduce your energy costs and your use of fossil fuels, which contribute to global warming.
When you shop for new appliances like refrigerators, washers, and dryers, look for products with the government’s Energy Star label; they are independently certified to save energy and help you save energy and money while protecting the environment. While buying a car, look for one with the highest gas mileage and lowest emissions. Another way to reduce emissions is by taking public transport or carpooling wherever possible.
Replace regular incandescent light bulb with compact fluorescent light (CFL) bulbs as these consume 70% less energy than ordinary bulbs and have a longer lifetime.
Use Reduce, Reuse, Recycle technique. Try to reduce your need to buy new products resulting in a smaller amount of waste. Consider buying eco-friendly products.
Avoid washing clothes in hot water and taking frequent showers using hot water. Don’t buy products with lots of packaging as they will end up in increasing waste material.
Planting trees can help a lot in reducing global warming as all green plants, release oxygen and take in carbon dioxide during photosynthesis, which is the main source of global warming.
Finding information about protecting the environment is everywhere with technology at your fingertips. To decrease the emissivity of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the first step is being aware of how much you contribute.
Spread awareness among your near and dear ones and always try your best to educate people about global warming and its causes and aftereffects. Tell them how they can be a part of this global contribution by saving energy that will be good for the environment. Gather opportunities and establish programs to make a real difference by sharing information with friends, family, relatives, and neighbors.
Our small contribution can bring a global change. By being just a little more careful, we all can play our part in combating global warming. These easy ideas will help preserve the planet for future generations.
Let’s protect the Earth and go green to save our environment!