Guide for a Successful Career
Is it time to send your child to school? You must have numerous questions as to where can you send your child, which syllabus to follow. Or, are you even contemplating homeschooling or the radical unschooling option?
CBSE, CISCE, State Board, how to choose between all these? Over the last few years, many new education systems have become popular in India. Most of today’s parents studied in state boards, Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), or Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE). To them, these new boards can often seem confusing. The boards have also changed their curriculums over the years. To understand the basic difference between these examination boards let us try to know each of them in detail.
State Boards Approach
Each state across India has its own Board of Education that sets the curriculum for the schools under it. At last count, there were 52 state-sanctioned boards in India. For example, West Bengal is home to six different boards: Board of Madrasah Education, Board of Primary Education, Board of Secondary Education, Council of Higher Secondary Education, Council of Rabindra Open Schooling, and State Council of Vocational Education and Training. The largest number of schools in India are affiliated to various state boards. Over 1.3 crore students gave the various state board exams in 2017. These state boards cater to students of all skill levels by establishing a minimum base. While each state board has a distinct character, they share some similarities.
- Tend to follow a rote-based curriculum
- Usually, teach in or include the state language as part of their curriculum
- May hold exams at the primary and mid-level. Most state boards tend to hold only secondary exams, i.e. at the 10th and 12th grade
Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
Headquartered in Delhi, CBSE is one of the oldest education boards in India since 1962. The board reports to the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). As of July 2017, the Board has 19,316 schools in India and 211 schools in 25 foreign countries. These schools include 14,860 independent schools, 2,734 government/ aided schools, 1,118 Kendriya Vidyalayas, 590 Jawahar Novodaya Vidyalayas, and 14 Central Tibetan Schools. All put together, over 11 lakh children gave the CBSE board exams in 2017.
- Follows a rote-based curriculum
- Usually considered tougher than the State Boards
- Primary students (grade 1–5) learn the language and social development
- Secondary students (grade 6–10) learn science, maths, social science, literature, information technology, English, and a secondary language
- Music, dance, and other arts are also included in the curriculum
- Conducts two exams — the All India Secondary School Examination for grade 10, and the All India Senior School Certificate Examination for grade 12
- It has also started Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) from Grade 6 to 10. These aim to test students throughout the year rather than a single exam at the end of the year
Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE):
Established in 1958, the CISCE issues the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE). The Council is a non-governmental, private institution. It started as a national alternative to the British and American systems. It operates as a kindergarten to Grade 12 program. ICSE & ISC is an exam conducted by CISCE. ICSE regulates up to class 10th while ISC regulates class 11th and 12th exams.
- Places emphasis on projects rather than text learning and is more application based than CBSE
- Gives more focus to language and arts
- Provides more flexibility and a wider variety of subjects than CBSE
- Primary students learn English, maths, science, social studies, computer studies, and environmental studies
- From grade 9, students must take seven subjects including four compulsory ones — English, history & civics, geography, and an Indian language. Three optional ones are chosen from two groups with science-oriented or art-oriented subjects
- In Grade 11 and 12, English is compulsory with 4–6 subjects more as choices. These choices include subjects from humanities, sciences, maths, languages, and arts
- Conducts two exams — the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) for Grade 10 and the Indian Secondary Certificate (ISC) for Grade 12. However, final marks depend on external exams as well as internal exams carried out by the school
Statistical comparison of results 2019:
- Nearly 18 lakh students appeared for the CBSE 10th board exam with a total pass percentage of 91.10% i.e. 4.40% increase from 2018. Trivandrum recorded the highest pass percentage of 99.85%.
- More than 12 lakh students appeared for the CBSE 12th board exam with a total pass percentage of 83.40% i.e. 0.39% increase from 2018. Trivandrum recorded the highest pass percentage of 98.20%.
- Of the 1.76 lakh students who appeared for class 10th ICSE exam,98.54% cleared it. The western region topped with 99.76%.
- A total number of 86713 candidates appeared for the ISC exam 2019. This year’s pass percentage is 96.52%, which is upped by 0.31 percent. The southern region passed with a pass percentage of 98.91%.
- This year, a total of 28.63 lakh students had appeared for Uttar Pradesh Class 12th examination, pass percentage stands at 70.06%.
- This year the overall percentage for the 2019 UP Board class 10th exam is 80 percent. A total of 31.95 lakh students were registered to appear in this year’s state board exam.
- Talking about the Maharashtra board results for class 12th, a total of 14.21 lakh candidates appeared. The pass percentage was recorded at 85.88%, with streamwise pass percentages being – Science: 92.04%, Arts: 76.28 %, Commerce: 88.28%.
- If we look at Rajasthan board’s result, around 2.60 lakh students appeared for the science board exams, while 42,146 students appeared from the commerce stream and 5,76,835 students from the arts stream. 92.88% was the passing percentage of Science stream and 91.46% was the passing percentage of Commerce stream.
None of this is to say one system is better than the other. Instead, parents should look at all the possible options and make the best decision depending on their situation. Flexibility, ability, and career options are important — and so is budgeting. Remember — your little future doctor or artist is building their foundation now!